english french espanol deusche italian
logo
ORLANDO  BISEGNA  INDEX
Public Finances - Orlando Bisegna Index

The study of public finances deals with the complex intermingling of finding, collecting, and using financial resources by public administration, as well as the necessary budget and public debt.

Our research concentrates on: 

  • Increase of VAT (Value Added Tax)
  • Index of tax increases and simultaneous spending cuts (fiscal cliff)
  • Job cuts to public service employees and/or public service employee salary cuts
  • Increase of retirement age
  • Cuts to education, health care, public transport, justice or defence for economic reasons
  • Cuts to tax expenditures
  • Level of costs of public debt financing
  • Public debt as a percentage of GDP, level of deficit or surplus
  • Receiving financial assistance for public finances of the country from international organizations, supranational institutions or other countries, on condition that precise economic and political conditions be respected, a spending review be done or that other austerity measures be put into effect
  • Strict surveillance of public finances of the country by international organizations, supranational institutions or by other countries
  • Freezing of financial assistance for public finances of the country from international organizations, supranational institutions or other countries, due to non-adherence to pre-established conditions
  • Cuts, increase freezes or cost of living adjustment freezes to pensions
  • Partial or total freeze on new hires and/or salary increases for public service employees
  • Cuts to local government budgets
  • Total tax pressures
  • Retail sales
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
  • Payment times by public administration or authorities to businesses
  • Business total tax burden
  • Index of black economy