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ORLANDO  BISEGNA  INDEX
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    INDICATORS
    List of 206 indicators which make up the Orlando Bisegna Index, subdivided into 4 groups

    CRISIS SPECIFIC

    1. Reduction of government legislated minimum wage or minimum wage prescribed by collective agreements
    1. Increase of VAT (Value Added Tax)
    1. Index of tax increases and simultaneous spending cuts (fiscal cliff)
    1. Index of household use of savings in order to face the economic crisis
    1. Job cuts to public service employees and/or public service employee salary cuts
    1. Increase of retirement age
    1. Cuts to education, health care, public transport, justice or defence for economic reasons
    1. Cuts to tax expenditures
    1. Sovereign default
    1. Sovereign bailout
    1. Bank bailouts
    1. Sovereign debt restructuring
    1. Receiving financial assistance on public debt due to difficulties in financing the public debt on the markets
    1. Level of costs of public debt financing
    1. Public debt as a percentage of GDP, level of deficit or surplus
    1. Receiving financial assistance for public finances of the country from international organizations, supranational institutions or other countries, on condition that precise economic and political conditions be respected, a spending review be done or that other austerity measures be put into effect
    1. Strict surveillance of public finances of the country by international organizations, supranational institutions or by other countries
    1. Freezing of financial assistance for public finances of the country from international organizations, supranational institutions or other countries, due to non-adherence to pre-established conditions
    1. Burden sharing or other means of committing economically to bailouts of other countries
    1. Risk of contagion of sovereign debt crisis from and towards other countries
    1. Risk of contagion of banking crisis from and towards other countries
    1. Risk of contagion of social tension escalations from and towards other countries
    1. Risk of contagion of industrial production contraction from and towards other countries
    1. Risk of contagion of credit crunch from and towards other countries
    1. Risk of contagion of bursting of the property bubble from and towards other countries
    1. Financial and commercial interdependence with countries that have been hardest hit by the economic crisis
    1. Intensity and transfer time of the crisis from the financial markets to the real economy or viceversa
    1. Economic difficulties of local governments
    1. Local government defaults
    1. Bailout of local governments
    1. Introduction of extraordinary, emergency or solidarity taxes due to the economic situation
    1. Lowering of tax-free threshold
    1. Cuts, increase freezes or cost of living adjustment freezes to pensions
    1. Partial or total freeze on new hires and/or salary increases for public service employees
    1. Abolishing, unifying or shifting of public holidays in order to increase productivity due to the economic situation
    1. Reduction of vacation time and/or time off for trade union duties and activities due to the economic situation
    1. Reduction or abolition of allowances, bonuses or severance packages
    1. Increase of working hours without remuneration due to the economic situation
    1. Cuts to financial assistance for workers who have lost their jobs or have remained unpaid
    1. Cuts to local government budgets
    1. Cuts to research, environmental conservation or cultural heritage
    1. Cuts to services for people with disabilities
    1. Difficulty in paying employee salaries in the private sector and consequently late, missed payments or payment in instalments of salaries
    1. Late, missed payments or payment in instalments of salaries to public service employees due to the economic situation
    1. Missed payment of pensions due to the economic situation
    1. Stoppage of dispensing free of charge or partially free of charge essential medicines for economic reasons, eventually requiring the population to directly pay full price
    1. Revocation of pre-existing pensions and/or freeze on new pensions due to the economic situation
    1. Funds pulled by the government from its citizens' bank accounts
    1. Lack of availability of essential medicines, health care services, materials and personnel for economic reasons
    1. Lack of availability of essential electricity, natural gas and various fuels for economic reasons
    1. Use of bartering due to the economic situation
    1. Influence of the psychological factor on the intensity of the economic crisis among the population
    1. Index of public opinion regarding efficiency of anti-crisis measures adopted by national government
    1. Index of people suffering from depression as a result of reasons linked to the economic crisis
    1. Suicides as a result of reasons linked to the economic crisis
    1. Index of social tensions
    1. Subversive actions
    1. Index of store closures due to the economic situation
    1. Sales or long-term leasing of cultural heritage, islands or public land due to the economic situation
    1. Adoption of a new national currency due to the economic crisis
    1. Devaluation of national currency

    HOUSEHOLDS, SALES, PRICES, TAXES

    1. Inflation/deflation
    1. Household purchasing power
    1. Index of households in economic hardship
    1. Index of household difficulties in making ends meet
    1. Total tax pressures
    1. Price of fuel at pumps
    1. Household food cost
    1. Index of fares for public transportation, ferries and planes
    1. Natural gas price
    1. Electricity price
    1. Rental price index
    1. Index of highway and road tolls
    1. Measure of consumer confidence
    1. Retail sales
    1. Measure of core retail sales (retail sales excluding automobile and fuel sales)
    1. Drop in retail sales at the fourth or from the third or the second week of the month
    1. Personal consumption spending
    1. Core personal consumption spending (personal consumption spending excluding food and energy)
    1. Household credit crunch
    1. Household debt
    1. Index of households in difficulty in making mortgage payments
    1. Index of households in difficulty in making rental home payments
    1. Index of cutting off users, due to overdue payments, of electricity, natural gas, telephone line or water supply
    1. Index of missed payments of taxes and fines on cars, motorcycles and scooters
    1. Real estate taxes
    1. Local and municipal taxes
    1. Taxes on luxury goods
    1. Demand for household credit
    1. Household propensity to save
    1. Household net financial wealth
    1. Index of state and government incentives to stimulate purchasing
    1. New vehicle sales for household use
    1. New vehicle sales as company cars or for car rental businesses
    1. Index of lower end new car purchases with respect to previously purchased cars by same buyer
    1. Incidence of promotional sales on total retail sales (promotional intensity)
    1. Household propensity to put off purchasing products in order to obtain sale prices or extra discounts
    1. Index of the trend to make purchases in discount and salvage grocery stores rather than in mini-markets, supermarkets and superstores
    1. Index of the trend to shop around and/or choose self-service pumps when refuelling
    1. Index of the trend to reduce the use of the car for economic reasons
    1. Index of the trend to choose only sale items when making purchases
    1. Index of the trend to purchase inexpensive meats and cuts rather than more expensive ones
    1. Index of the trend to purchase lowest price foodstuffs from the product range or house brand foodstuffs rather than brand names
    1. Index of the trend to purchase economic personal hygiene products and/or household cleaning products rather than brand names
    1. People who forgo, delay or cut spending on clothing, technological goods or furnishings
    1. Parents who forgo, delay or cutback non-essential spending for their children
    1. Index of the trend to forgo medical visits and treatment for economic reasons
    1. Index of the trend to delay having substantial dental work done for economic reasons
    1. Index of the trend to forgo going out to dinner or entertainment for economic
    1. Index of the trend to spend public holidays at home for economic reasons
    1. Index of the trend to have shorter or low cost vacations or in more economical locations
    1. Index of the trend to forgo vacations for economic reasons
    1. Index of the trend to forgo celebrating birthdays, anniversaries and special family occasions or celebrating them in a limited manner due to the economic situation
    1. Index of the trend to resort to pawn shops and Cash for Gold for extra money
    1. Amount of the average receipt from supermarkets and superstores
    1. Quantity of fuel sales at pumps
    1. People's spending on various types of gambling

    BUSINESSES, PRODUCTION, BANKS, REAL ESTATE

    1. GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
    1. Industrial production
    1. Business credit crunch
    1. Business default risk
    1. Level of banking crisis
    1. Bursting of property bubble
    1. Trend of financial markets
    1. Factory orders
    1. Index of the expectations of businesses in the short term
    1. Index of the propensity of entrepreneurs to make new investments
    1. Productivity and costs
    1. Capacity utilisation (level of the capacity utilisation of production facilities)
    1. Measure of producer price
    1. Measure of core producer price (producer price excluding food and energy)
    1. Balance of trade
    1. Import price index
    1. Export price index
    1. Measure of wholesale inventories
    1. Measure of business inventories
    1. Business closures
    1. New business start-ups
    1. Business profit
    1. Payment times by public administration or authorities to businesses
    1. Business total tax burden
    1. Index of business debts
    1. Insolvent businesses
    1. Cost of credit for businesses
    1. Demand for business credit
    1. Payment times between businesses
    1. Non-performing loans
    1. Index of protest for non-payment
    1. Index of evictions due to non-payment of rent
    1. Index of bank withdrawals by residents
    1. Index of bank withdrawals by non-residents
    1. Trend of demand for mortgages
    1. Index of mortgage rates
    1. Housing starts index
    1. Level of construction spending
    1. Level of existing home sales
    1. Level of new home sales
    1. Index of new homes built and unsold for more than a 24-month period
    1. Index of public investments
    1. Foreign investments
    1. Index of corruption
    1. Political instability index
    1. Index of black economy
    1. Index of usury
    1. Decrease in work activity on a national level due to extreme weather
    1. Environmental and natural disaster and calamities

    EMPLOYMENT, INCOME, WAGES, POVERTY

    1. Unemployment rate
    1. Jobs at risk over the next 6 months
    1. Precarious workers
    1. Index of people in reduced hours employment or forced part-time from original work hours due to the economic situation
    1. Average salary
    1. Average hourly wage
    1. Gap between wages and cost of living
    1. Personal income
    1. Disposable income
    1. Index of annual salaries needed for a couple to purchase a home
    1. Index of total economic dependence on parents or grandparents of youth between the ages of 15 and 34, due to lack of work
    1. Index of partial economic dependence on parents or grandparents of youth between the ages of 15 and 34, due to insufficient wages
    1. Youth over 25 years of age who still live with their parents due to insufficient personal income
    1. Unemployment rate of youth between the ages of 15 and 24
    1. Unemployment rate of people between the ages of 25 and 34
    1. Women's unemployment rate
    1. People who are economically inactive without specifying why
    1. People who are economically inactive due to lack of work
    1. Index of people who were economically inactive and are now seeking work so as to bring in an additional income due to household economic hardship
    1. Measure of employment
    1. Index of resorting to financial assistance for workers who have lost their jobs or have remained unpaid
    1. Index of road haulage blocked due to lack of work
    1. Average duration of unemployment
    1. Index of strikes for reasons linked to the economic crisis
    1. Dismissals as a result of privatization
    1. Quits rate
    1. Help wanted Ads
    1. Emigration rate
    1. Immigration rate
    1. Index of “brain drain” (emigration of educated, professional or talented individuals and skilled labourers)
    1. Emigration of youth between the ages of 18 and 24 in order to find work or to improve working conditions
    1. Index of people wanting to emigrate in the near future to find work
    1. Low income households that make use of food stamps or food banks
    1. Homeless
    1. Index of meals given out at soup kitchens
    1. Child labour due to low household income
    1. Malnourished children
    1. Abandoned children or children placed in foster care due to economic reasons
    1. Poverty index
    1. People in search of food among the discarded and leftover food from markets, restaurants, snack bars, supermarkets or food processing plants
    SPECIALISTS IN THE ECONOMIC
    CRISIS:
    ORLANDO BISEGNA PROGRAM

    Recently, after having heard the needs and requests for help from various counties, we have expanded our work to include, after much consideration, the preparation of financial engineering measurements as well as the set-up of plans for economic recovery.

    We have therefore resolved public finance problems of counties in financial crisis, avoiding the restructuring of debt and default. We have in addition been able to reverse, in those very same local governments the negative trend in unemployment, household purchasing power, tax burden, and business credit crunch.

    Therefore, not only do we measure the intensity of the economic crisis in nations where requested, but we also have given life to real made to measure anti-crisis interventions in small areas of territories, alleviating the economic difficulties of many families, to our great satisfaction.

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